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Forms Of Poetry
The forms of poetry that are hyperlinked, are discussed. Click on them to view more details:

Acrostic Ae Freislighe Alcaics Alexandrine Allegory
Anagram Aubade Awdl Gywydd Ballad Barzeletta
Bestiary Blank Verse Blues Stanza Bob and Wheel Bref Double
Bucolics Burlesque Burns Stanza Byr A Thoddaid Caccia
Calligramme Cancione Canso Canticle Canzo
Canzone Capitolo Carol Casbairdne Catalog Poem
Cento Chanso Chante-Fable Chant Royal Charms
Choka Choriambics Cinquain Clerihew Clogyrnach
Cobla Commiato Common Measure Complaint Couplet
Cyhydedd Hir Cyrch A Chwta Decastich Deibhidhe Descort
Didactics Diminishing Verse Dirge Distich Dithyramb
Ditty Dizain Dramatics Echo Verse Eclogue Debat
Edda Measures Elegiacs Elegy Englyns Epic
Envoi Epicedium Epigram Epistle Epitaph
Epyllion Evensong Fable Forensics Geste
Glose Gwawdodyns Haiku Heroics Idyl
Incantation Interlude Kyrielle Lai Lament
Lay Limerick Litany Liturgics Lyrics
Madrigal Masque Mondo Monologue Morningsong
Mote Narratives Nightsong Nonsense Verse Nursery rhyme
Obsequy Occasionals Octave Ode Ottava Rima
Pallinode Panegyric Pantoum Passion Play Pastoral
Plampede Posie Poulter's Measure Prose Poem Qasida
Quatrain Quintet Rannaigheachts Renga Reveille
Rhupunt Riddle Rimas Dissolutas Rime Royal Rispetto
Rondeau Rondel Rondelet Rondine Roundel
Rubai Rune Sapphics Satirics Sedoka
Sestet Sestina Sneadhbhairdne Soliloquy Somonka
Sonnet Spatials Spensarian Stanza Stave Tanka
Tercet Terza Rima Triolet Triplet Terzanelle

(The source for this page is: 'The New Book Of Forms'.)

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Ae freislighe (ay Fresh-lee)

Irish. Syllabic. As Irish and Welsh forms are complex systems of rhyme, alliteration, and consonance, they cannot be reproduced accurately in the English language. One can pay attention to only the rhyme scheme and syllabification. Thus, ae freislighe, simplified, is a Quatrain Stanza of seven syllable lines. Lines 1 and 3 rhyme in triple rhymes; lines 2 and 4 rhyme in double rhymes. The poem (not the stanza) should end with the same first syllable, word, or line with which it begins. The technical term for this ending is dunadh, and it occurs in all the Gaelic forms.
The diagram thus looks like this:

1 -- xxxx (xxa)
2 -- xxxxx(xb)
3 -- xxxx (xxa)
4 -- xxxxx(xb)

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Bob and Wheel

In simple words, it is an English accentual-syllabic Quintet Stanza that is followed by a special set of five lines that have the characterstics that make them known as 'Bob and Wheel'. The bob rhymes with lines (2) & (4) of the wheel; lines (1) & (3) of the wheel rhyme with each other.
The structure would look like this:
Line 1 -- ...xx xa (The bob can be an enjambed line that is continued and completed by the wheel.)
Line 2 -- xx xx xb
Line 3 -- xx xx xa
Line 3 -- xx xx xb
Line 4 -- xx xx xa

(These last 4 lines of the 5-lines stanza is called the 'wheel'.)

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French and English. A joyous hymn. Originally it had a two-line burden or Texte Couplet, rhyming a1 a2, and any number of Quatrain stanzas, rhyming bbba The last lines of these stanzas rhymed with the burden lines. The lines are generally trimeter or tetrameter, with no set verse foot.

The Shepherd's Carol

Terly terlow, terly terlow,
Merry the shepherds began to blow!

About the field they piped full right,
Even about the midst of the night,
And down from heaven there came a light,
Terly terlow, terly terlow!

Of angels there came a company
With merry songs and melody;
The shepherds anon. did them espy --
Merry the shepherds began to blow!


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Didactics is a minor subgenre of the literary genre called poetry. Didactic poetry is instructional (teaching poetry); its purpose is to give instructions or information regarding some subject. There are traditionally four didactic forms in English Literature.

The EPISTLE is a loose form, a letter to someone in particular or to mankind in general.

The PRIMER COUPLET, a set form, is a dipodic couplet, rhyming aa. Usually, primer couplets are rhymed aphorisms. Example:
Jumped in the fire,
Fire was hot,
He jumped in the pot,
The pot was so little
He jumped in the kettle,
The kettle was so black
He jumped in the crack.....

The RIDDLE is a short lyric that poses a question, the answer to which lies hidden in hints.

GEORGICS are rhymed instructions or directions in the arts, sciences, or trades -- versified handbooks. Example: David Wagoner's 'Staying Alive'.

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